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Heokuang Co., Ltd. was invited to participate in the "20th Meeting of the Soil Environment Professional Committee of the Chinese Soil Society" and "Symposium on Farmland Soil Pollution and Remediation"
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The central government reduces the index of cultivated land protection in Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai
Policy big red envelope: the central government reduced the Beijing-Tianjin-Shanghai arable land protection index.
With the adjustment of the relevant indicators in the national land use master plan, the relevant responsible persons in Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai can finally breathe a sigh of relief. Otherwise, the above three places may be held accountable by the central government for failing to complete the cultivated land protection indicators in 2020.
On June 23, the Ministry of Land and Resources held a video conference to arrange and deploy the adjustment and improvement of the overall land use plan, and issued the "Outline of the Overall Land Use Plan (2006-2020) Adjustment Plan" (hereinafter referred to as the "Adjustment Plan"). A reporter from China Business News found that according to the "Adjustment Plan", the indicators of cultivated land retention in Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai in 2020 have been greatly reduced.
In the original plan, Beijing needs to keep 214700 hectares of arable land in 2020, which will be reduced to 110700 hectares in the adjustment plan. Tianjin needs to keep 437300 hectares of arable land in 2020 in the original plan, which will be reduced to 334000 hectares in the adjustment plan. Shanghai needs to keep 249300 hectares of arable land in 2020 in the original plan, which will be reduced to 188000 hectares in the adjustment plan.
From this point of view, the policy red packets ushered in by the three places are not small. The cultivated land protection index in Beijing has been reduced by about 48.5, Tianjin by about 23.6, and Shanghai by about 24.5.
In the overall land use planning, the so-called cultivated land protection index is a binding index, in other words, an index that must be preserved.
According to the "adjustment plan", the amount of cultivated land in China should be maintained at 1.865 billion mu by 2020, and the index should be decomposed into provincial administrative regions. As a "binding" index, local governments are required to "strictly implement and not break through".
Minister of Land and Resources Jiang Daming stated on June 27 that the national "13th Five-Year Plan" and the "13th Five-Year Plan" of land and resources put resource conservation and protection in a prominent position, and put forward the amount of cultivated land and basic farmland, and new construction land. The scale and other binding indicators. The so-called binding indicators are indicators that cannot complete the task and must be held accountable seriously. In this regard, we must attach great importance to it and take effective measures to ensure its full realization.
The stock of arable land in Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai was once in a hurry.
The reason why the above three places ushered in policy red envelopes is that in the previous second land survey, it was found that the amount of cultivated land in these areas has reached the "red line".
The results of the second land survey in Beijing show that by the end of 2009, Beijing had 227100 hectares (3.408 million mu) of arable land, which was 214700 hectares (3.22 million mu) away from the target set in the original "Plan" and only about 12400 hectares (187000 mu) of occupied space.
In the thirteen years from 1996 to 2009, the average annual reduction of arable land in Beijing was 8980.9 hectares (135000 mu). If you can't step on the brakes in time, Beijing may break the red line of cultivated land in two years.
According to official data from Tianjin, as of the end of 2012, the area of arable land in Tianjin has dropped to 439300 hectares (6.5895 million mu), which is only about 2000 hectares (30000 mu) more than the original "Plan" for 2020.
The situation in Shanghai may be the most serious. According to the official results of the second survey released by Shanghai, as of December 31, 2009, Shanghai had 189759 square hectares (2.8464 million mu) of arable land, with a per capita arable land of only 0.12 mu, less than 1/12 of the national per capita level (1.52 mu of arable land per capita).
According to the original "Plan", Shanghai's target for cultivated land by the end of 2020 is 249300 hectares (3.74 million mu).
Compared with the two, Shanghai has broken through this "binding" index and hit the red line of cultivated land protection, and the gap between the two is as high as nearly 900000 mu.
There are early signs of a reduction in the amount of arable land in Shanghai. As early as 2009, when the Ministry of Land and Resources conducted a national-level spot check and verification of the results of the second national land survey, Shanghai was defined as an area with "significantly reduced arable land.
An official of the Ministry of land and resources once told the first financial daily that it is indeed possible for (Shanghai) to break through the index of cultivated land retention. Shanghai does have great difficulties in land use. Although it is a provincial administrative region, its land area is very small. The total GDP of Shanghai is larger than that of Beijing, and the land area is smaller than that of Beijing, indicating that its output per unit of GDP is more.
Land to move the space to become larger?
The reduction of arable land in China, construction occupation is the biggest reason. For example, of the 5.327 million mu of arable land reduced in 2011, 4.85 million mu of arable land was occupied by construction, accounting for 91%. The urgent stock of arable land in the above-mentioned areas is obviously related to the rapid economic development of these areas.
An official survey results show that in recent years, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region has occupied a large amount of arable land and a high proportion. At the same time, the cost of supplementary arable land is getting higher and higher, and it is becoming more and more difficult to supplement arable land.
Statistics show that from 2010 to 2013, the total amount of approved construction land in the three provinces (cities) of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei was 38200 hectares, 41700 hectares, 44000 hectares, and 37700 hectares respectively. Among them, the total approved cultivated land area was 13300 hectares, 15700 hectares, 17400 hectares, and 16200 hectares respectively. The proportion of cultivated land was 34.75, 37.74, 39.59, and 43.08 respectively, and the proportion was increasing year by year, showing a high level.
The result of occupying a large amount of cultivated land is that the reserve resources of cultivated land are facing exhaustion. According to estimates, as of the end of 2013, there were about 4700 acres of suitable arable reserve resources in Beijing, about 30000 acres in Tianjin, and less than 1 million acres in Hebei Province. The pressure of unbalanced arable land is very large, and some areas are supplemented. Cultivated land has shifted from hilly areas and shallow mountainous areas to deep mountainous areas, posing a potential threat to ecological protection.
In order to curb the rapid decline of cultivated land, the central government has been holding high the banner of "cultivated land red line" in recent years, requiring provincial governments to take full responsibility for the total amount of cultivated land in their jurisdiction, and regard it as an assessment index for ruling officials.
Will this reduction in the number of arable land in several key areas increase the space for land use in the above-mentioned areas, and does it mean that these cities can further occupy arable land at will?
At the policy level, it is clear that this cannot be interpreted.
Jiang Daming said on the 27th that in order to implement the strictest land conservation system, the scale of new construction land determined in the 13th five-year Plan cannot be broken through. Strictly control the scale of new construction land in mega-cities and strictly enforce the standards for construction land. With the adjusted and improved overall land use plan as the chassis, and the results of the second land survey and annual change survey as the base, guide the development of the "multi-regulation integration" pilot project to promote urban land conservation and intensive, industrial development intensive and efficient, and modern agricultural intensive Management and mining development are intensive and orderly.
Cen Fukang, deputy director of the Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Planning, Land and Resources, also said on the 27th that in May 2014, a new round of urban master planning in Shanghai was officially launched, clarifying that under the tight constraints of resources and environment, Shanghai should force the transformation of urban development mode through the transformation of land use mode, and the new land policy of "five quantity regulation" has become an important policy basis and guarantee for building Shanghai's future global urban development pattern.
"In the new round of urban master planning and land use master planning revision in Shanghai, the scale of planned construction land has been reduced to 3200 square kilometers. The" total lock-in "reflects the bottom line thinking of Shanghai's new round of development, not only in terms of the amount of land used, but also in terms of the city's comprehensive carrying capacity, urban safety and urban functional positioning, locking in the basic pattern of Shanghai's future urban spatial development and land use." Cen Fukang said.
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